Project Management Description In the early morning hours of July 16, 1945, the first nuclear weapon – an A-bomb, in 20th century parlance — was detonated in the New Mexico desert. Dr. Theodore Taylor was one of the project scientists. Here, minus some technical details, is his description of such an explosion: When (a bomb) is detonated, the temperature in the core builds up to several hundred million degrees in one-hundred millionth of a second. That is many times the temperature at the center of the Sun. Pressures build up to 100 million atmospheres, and the core begins to expand at five million miles per hour. (Every chemical element) is in there; barium, iodine, cesium strontium, hydrogen, tin, copper, gold…(The initial fireball is) something 12 inches across, expanding faster than anything in our Galaxy. Conditions there are quite different, perhaps, from anywhere else in the Universe, unless there are other people who make bombs. (McPhee, 1973; pgs. 118-9). Seventy years ago, we saw the birth of something utterly new;new not only for us humans but also, perhaps, for the entire Universe. That event was a turning point in human history. It was, perhaps, the beginning of the end of human history. The rest of the story is still being written, in places as dissimilar as Pakistan, North Korea and Iran. The famous project that produced the A-bomb, which moved from untested theory to deliverable weapons in the middle of World War Two, was the Manhattan Project. At its peak, the project employed 130,000 people, most of whom had no idea what they were doing, and consumed as much energy and materiel as the American automobile industry. Not only every project manager, but every world citizen, should know about the Project, because it changed every citizen’s life. The Manhattan Project did not run smoothly. It’s the classic example of a project succeeding because it had to; it was simply unimaginable that either Nazi Germany or Imperial Japan would win the War. Despite its rocky history, however, it’s worthwhile to examine the evolution of the Project, and compare it to the stages of an ideal project, both to appreciate what could have been done better, and to acquire a sense of humility concerning the entire project management enterprise. It is, after all, amazing what people can accomplish, either with or without report-generation software. The definitive on-line source concerning the Manhattan Project is provided by AtomicArchive.com (AJ, 2015). For an overview, you should scan the entire 99 page site. The material is voluminous, but well organized, and tightly edited. The definitive print source is Rhodes (1986; paperback edition 1995), which is now available used , online, for less than one dollar. Anyone with even a passing interest in either management, science, technology or history should own a copy. About Case 1: For this case, we will examine the Origination and Initiation (NY Guide, 2002; Chaps. 3.1 & 3.2) of the Manhattan Project (AJ, 2015; Rhodes, 1995). For information about these phases of the project, please refer to the Module 1 Homepage. When contemplating something totally new, the alternatives are simple; either try to do it, or don’t. In this case, we know which alternative was selected. For Case 1, write an essay answering the following questions: Q1; What were the factors that entered into the decision? Describe and explain. Q2: Since the decision involved unknowns, risk estimation was highly subjective. What factors (e.g., familiarity, manageability) played roles in the estimation process? Explain. Assignment Expectations Integrate your answers to the above questions into a well-constructed essay. Feel free to use tables and bulleted lists, if appropriate. The readings do not provide specific answers to every question. You will need to “fill in the gaps,” using your understanding of the Project’s history, plus the Background Information. Style and format must comply with the Writing Style Guide. ( TUI Guide, n.d.) This is not an English course; however, errors in spelling, grammar and style will be penalized. Provide citations and references. Use of APA style (Writing Guide) is encouraged, but not required. There is no page requirement. Write what you need to write, neither more nor less
Project Management Description Pick an organisation of your choice. This may be one that you are currently working in, or one that you have been a part of in the past. Alternatively, it could be an organisation that you have a particular interest in. The organisation may be new or old, large or small, profit or not-for-profit. It may be domiciled in Australia, but selecting an overseas or global organisation is acceptable. However, whichever you choose, it is important that you are able to get information on employee engagement and people metrics. You are required to research the organisation so that you have a sound understanding of the people and human resource practices that are in place. This may be via internet sources or preferably by interviewing staff within the organisation that you have chosen. You are required to complete the following task: Write a report that assesses an organisation’s people practices and employee engagement levels and recommend a number of initiatives that aim to improve employee engagement. Your report should be based on appropriate theory and research. The purpose of the assessment is to apply what you have learned about people, human resources and organisations to your selected organisation and make some clear recommendations of HR initiatives that you believe will increase employee engagement within the organisation. Your report should include A contents page (an executive summary is not required). A clear introduction defining scope. An overview of the organisation chosen. The identification and discussion of the organisation’s business strategy. An evaluation of the people and HR practices that exist within the organisation. An overview and analysis of the current state of employee engagement that exists in the organisation, which is based on a sound theoretical description of what employee engagement actually is. A structured plan of initiatives that you believe will increase employee engagement over time. For each initiative, you should specifically outline: o What the initiative is and why you have chosen it. o What you propose should be done, substantiated by sound rationale and theory. o What you expect the impact to be and why, substantiated by sound rationale and theory A clear conclusion that summarises the key recommendations in the report. Further guidance: You should include a minimum of 15 references. At least 8 of these should be academic journals. The rest can be textbooks and appropriate websites. You should adopt the Harvard referencing convention throughout your report as well as in the reference list at the end. It is recommended that you use the structure outlined above and adopt sub-headings based on each bullet point. The attached marking rubrics guide the marker when awarding marks for your report. You should review your paper in line with this to ensure there is nothing you have missed. It is important to check your similarity in turnitin. All sentences highlighted must be either paraphrased in your own words or put in quotes and referenced accordingly. You should be aiming for as low a similarity score as you can. Similarity highlighted in a contents page, reference list or appendices is nothing to be concerned about. Some examples of how consulting firms address the engagement issues are given below for your information. You should not use these in your own report.